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 India National Cricket Team

India National Cricket Team: History, Fun Facts, Match Schedule, Honors


The India men's national cricket team, more popularly known as Team India and sometimes Men in Blue, is a Full Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test, One-Day International (ODI), and Twenty20 International (T20I) status.

Introduction

India has won the Cricket World Cup twice – in 1983 and in 2011. After winning the 2011 World Cup, India became the first cricket team to win the World Cup at home. It also won the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 and 2013 ICC Champions Trophy. It was also the joint champions of 2002 ICC Champions Trophy.

The Indian cricket team has rivalries with other Test-playing nations, most notably with Pakistan. The rivalries with Australia, South Africa and England have also gained prominence in recent times. As of 1 Dec 2020, India is ranked third in Tests, second in ODIs and third in T20Is Rankings. Virat Kohli is the current captain of the team across all formats.

Timeline

Early Years

India started playing cricket way back in 1721 unofficially but was granted the official Test status in 1931. The Indian team played its first official Test match from 25th to 28th June 1932 against England at Lords', becoming the sixth team to play Test cricket in the world. CK Nayudu was India’s captain then. The team could not achieve success on the international stage until 1952, when they won their first Test match, led by Vijay Hazare.

India was considered a weak team in the cricketing world for a long time but gained strength in the 1970s with the emergence of batsmen such as Sunil Gavaskar, Gundappa Viswanath, all-rounder Kapil Dev, and quality spin bowlers. Slowly India went on to become a formidable foe when playing on their own ground and won multiple Test series.

ODI Success

With the introduction of One Day Internationals, India had to adjust their typically defensive style of playing to a more attacking one. The team began as a weak team in ODIs and performed badly in the first two editions of the Cricket World Cup. They won just one match across the two editions.

During the 1980s, India developed a more aggressive batting line-up with stroke makers such as Mohammed Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar and Ravi Shastri. Kapil Dev was captain at that time. In 1983, India went on to defeat the favorites and two-time defending champions West Indies in the third ICC Cricket World Cup.

Cup and in 1985, the team won the World Championship of Cricket in Australia. However, India still remained a weak team when it came to overseas competitions. The 1980s also saw Sunil Gavaskar and Kapil Dev at the pinnacle of their careers. Gavaskar made 34 centuries (a world record at that time in Test cricket) and became the first man to reach the 10000-run mark in international cricket. Kapil Dev later became the highest wicket taker in Test cricket, with 434 wickets.

Emergence of Cricket Greats In India

The end of the '80s and '90s saw the debuts of Sachin Tendulkar, Saurav Ganguly, Rahul Dravid, Anil Kumble and Javagal Srinath, who are considered to be among the greatest Indian players. Despite that, during the 1990s, India did not win any Tests outside the Indian subcontinent though they had a decent record at home. After being eliminated by Sri Lanka at home in the 1996 Cricket World Cup semifinal, the team underwent a year of change.

Sachin Tendulkar replaced Azharuddin as the team’s captain in late 1996, but after a slump in his personal as well as the team’s form, Tendulkar stepped down from captaincy. In the 25 Tests he captained, India won only 4. With the burden of captaincy removed, Tendulkar became the world's leading run scorer in both Tests and ODIs as India enjoyed a home Test series win over Australia in 1998, the top-ranked team in the world at the time.

Match Fixing Scandal and the Era of Ganguly

After failing to reach the semifinals in the 1999 Cricket World Cup, Tendulkar was again made captain. But after another poor run, he resigned and decided never to captain the team again. Saurav Ganguly was then appointed new captain. The team faced another setback in 2000 when former captain Azharuddin and batsman Ajay Jadeja were implicated in a match-fixing scandal and handed over a life ban and five years’ ban, respectively. This period has been termed "Indian cricket's worst hour." However, Ganguly, Tendulkar, Dravid, and Kumble swore to lead Indian cricket out of these dark times.

Sourav Ganguly's captaincy started a new era in Indian cricket. Many new faces like Virender Sehwag, Yuvraj Singh, Zaheer Khan, and Harbhajan Singh made their entry into the team under Ganguly’s captaincy. The famous Kolkata Test match against Australia, in which India became only the third team in the history of Test cricket to win a Test match after following on, marked the beginning of a new era in Indian cricket. Laxman’s 281-run innings and Harbhajan’s 32 wickets were the highlights of the series. India then had a dream run of Test wins against Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, the West Indies, and England.

In 2002, India recorded its highest-ever ODI run chase of 325 runs at Lord's in the Natwest ODI Series final against England. In the same year, India were joint-winners of the ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka. They also entered the final of the 2003 Cricket World Cup in South Africa but lost to mighty Australia. The 2003–04 season saw India draw a Test series 1-1 in Australia and win a Test and ODI series in Pakistan.

Coaching Controversy and World Cup Embarrassment

Greg Chappell took over as the coach of the team in 2005, but his methods proved controversial and led to a fallout with Ganguly, resulting in Rahul Dravid becoming captain. The emergence of players like MS Dhoni and Suresh Raina and the coming of age of Irfan Pathan and Yuvraj Singh brought about a revival of the team's fortunes in the middle 2000s. A convincing ODI series win in Pakistan in early 2006, following a loss in the Test series, resulted in India’s world record of 17 successive ODI victories while batting second.

However, India's ODI form slumped after that and the team gave a disappointing performance in the 2006 Champions Trophy. Although India won its first Test in South Africa, they went on to lose the series 2–1. This Test series was marked by Ganguly's comeback to the Indian team.

In December 2006, India played its first-ever T20I in South Africa. Series victories against the West Indies and Sri Lanka at the beginning of 2007 marked a good run into the 2007 Cricket World Cup. However, defeats to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka in the first round resulted in India being eliminated from the World Cup.

Success Under Dhoni’s Captaincy

After the debacle at the 2007 World Cup, MS Dhoni took over the reins from Rahul Dravid. Later in 2007, India won the inaugural T20 World Cup. It began the era of India's dominance in world cricket in both Tests and ODIs. In April 2009, India secured their first Test series win in New Zealand in 41 years. After beating Sri Lanka 2–0 in December 2009, India became the No. 1 Test team in the world.

India won the 2011 Cricket World Cup by defeating Sri Lanka in the final, becoming the third team after the West Indies and Australia to win the World Cup twice. India also became the first team to win the World Cup on home soil. A disappointing phase of Test cricket started after that as India were whitewashed 4–0 back-to-back in England and Australia. This saw the retirement of Rahul Dravid and VVS Laxman from Test cricket in 2012.

In 2012, India whitewashed Australia 4–0 in a home Test series, and Indian batsmen scored double centuries in ODIs -- first Sachin Tendulkar, then Virender Sehwag and then Rohit Sharma on three occasions. Sachin Tendulkar retired in November 2013 after his 200th Test match. This period signaled the end of the fab middle-order batting line-up India had had for over a decade.

MS Dhoni is widely acknowledged as the most successful Indian captain ever. Under his captaincy, India won the 2013 Champions Trophy and reached the semifinals of the 2015 World Cup and 2016 T20 World Cup. Also, India were the beaten finalist of the 2014 T20 World Cup. Dhoni retired from Test cricket at the end of 2014.

Kohli Takes Over from Dhoni

Kohli's first series win as captain came away from home against Sri Lanka, which signaled the beginning of an unbeaten Test series run for India. India began to dominate at home in Test matches after they comprehensively beat South Africa in 2015. This series was the beginning of an unbeaten streak of 19 Test matches. It also saw the emergence of Ravichandran Ashwin and Ravindra Jadeja as two of the best spinners and all-rounders.

In 2016, MS Dhoni resigned as captain in limited-overs cricket, handing over the captaincy to Virat Kohli across all formats. After that, India whitewashed New Zealand to regain the number one ranking in Test cricket after almost a decade. In 2017, India lost to arch-rivals Pakistan in the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy by 180 runs.

In January 2018, India toured South Africa and lost the Test series 1–2 but clinched the ODI series 5–1 and the T20I series 2–1. With the series win, India became the second Asian country to defeat South Africa in ODI and T20I series on their home soil. India lost the away Test series to England but won their away series against Australia; their first-ever series win in Australia. In the 2019 World Cup, India were defeated by New Zealand in the semifinal.

20 Fun Facts About the India Cricket Team

Here are a few things that most people do not know about the Indian cricket team. Some of these might astonish even cricket-crazy fans.

  • India is the only nation to win 60, 50, and 20-over World Cups.
  • Nawab Pataudi is the only player to play Test cricket for both India and England.
  • India played its first Test in 1932, but achieved its first win 19 years and 230 days later in 1952, against England in Madras.
  • Ravi Shastri was the first player to hit 6 sixes in an over.
  • India’s Lala Amarnath is the only bowler to have dismissed the great Sir Don Bradman hit-wicket in Test cricket.
  • India was the first team to be dismissed twice in a single day of a Test match: for 58 in the first innings and 82 in the second innings against England in 1952.
  • Bapu Nadkarni once sent down 21 consecutive maiden overs against England at Madras in 1964.
  • Sunil Gavaskar once batted an entire innings of a 60-over ODI and scored just 36 runs. It was the first match of the Cricket World Cup in 1975.
  • India’s Mohinder Amarnath is the only player to have been dismissed for handling the ball and obstructing the field.
  • Narendra Hirwani has the best-ever bowling figures on Test debut. He took 16 wickets in his first Test against the West Indies.
  • Mohammad Azharuddin is the only player to score three centuries in his first three Test matches.
  • Sachin Tendulkar came on to play for Pakistan (as a substitute fielder) before he made his debut for India!
  • Anil Kumble became the second man after England’s Jim Laker to take 10 wickets in a Test innings. He achieved that feat against Pakistan at Feroz Shah Kotla in 1999.
  • Only 5 players -- Gundappa Vishwanath, Mohammed Azharuddin, Saurav Ganguly, Virender Sehwag, and Shikhar Dhawan -- have scored centuries on their Test debut for India.
  • Out of the 2086 cricketers who have played ODIs to date, 2073 have not managed to accumulate even half of Sachin Tendulkar’s ODI runs in their individual ODI careers, almost 99.37% of cricketers worldwide.
  • Sourav Ganguly is the only player to win four consecutive Man of the Match awards in ODIs.

Cricket Match Schedule

Find out all about the biggest international series and cricket match schedule of Team India.

India’s Tour of Australia 2020/21 ?

India travels to Australian shores for a full tour comprising 3 ODIs, 3 T20Is, and 4 Tests. Read more here.

More Series Coming Soon

Tournament Records

Cricket World Cup

Year Position
1975 Group stage
1979 Group stage
1983 Champions
1987 Semifinals
1992 Group stage
1996 Semifinals
1999 Super Six
2003 Runners-up
2007 Group stage
2011 Champions
2015 Semifinals
2019 Semifinals

T20 World Cup

Year Position
2007 Champions
2009 Group stage
2010 Super 8s
2012 Super 8s
2014 Runners-up
2016 Semifinals

Champions Trophy

Year Position
1998 Semifinals
2000 Runners-up
2002 Joint Champions
2004 Group stage
2006 Group stage
2009 Group stage
2013 Champions
2017 Runners-up

Asia Cup

Year Position
1984 Champions
1986 Did not play
1988 Champions
1990-91 Champions
1995 Champions
1996 Semifinals
1997 Runners-up
2000 Group stage
2004 Runners-up
2008 Runners-up
2015 Semifinals
2010 Champions
2012 Group stage
2016 Champions
2018 Champions

Trophy Honors

World Cup

Winners (2 times): 1983, 2011

Champions Trophy

Winners (2 times): 2002 (joint-winners), 2013

T20 World Cup

Winners: 2007

World Championship

Winners: 1985

Asia Cup

Winners (7 times): 1984, 1988, 1990-91, 1995, 2010, 2016 (T20), 2018

Fantasy Cricket

Now that you know more about your favourite team, you can join them in the live action. They play on the ground and you play on Howzat, the fantasy cricket app. Having knowledge about the team, their past record, the best players and many more things, you can make informed choices and increase your chances of winning. So what are you waiting for ? Download the fantasy cricket app and Make your team now.

Cricket Match Statistics

Test

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tied Drawn
Afghanistan 1 1 0 0 0
Australia 98 28 42 1 27
Bangladesh 11 9 0 0 2
England 122 26 47 0 49
New Zealand 59 21 12 0 26
Pakistan 59 9 12 0 38
Pakistan 59 9 12 0 38
South Africa 39 14 15 0 10
Sri Lanka 44 20 7 0 17
West Indies 98 22 30 0 46
Zimbabwe 11 7 2 0 2
Total 540 157 165 1 127
Player Matches Runs Average Highest Score 100s
Sachin Tendulkar 200 15921 53.78 248* 51
Rahul Dravid 163 13265 52.63 270 36
VVS Laxman 134 8781 45.97 281 17
Virender Sehwag 103 8503 49.43 319 23
Virat Kohli 86 7240 53.62 254* 27
Sourav Ganguly 113 7212 42.17 239 16
Dilip Vengsarkar 116 6868 42.13 166 17
Mohammad Azharuddin 99 6215 45.03 199 22
Gundappa Vishwanat 91 6080 41.93 222 14
Player Matches Wickets Average Best Bowling 10W/5W
Anil Kumble 132 169 29.65 10/74 8/35
Kapil Dev 131 434 29.64 9/35 2/23
Harbhajan Singh 103 417 32.46 8/84 5/25
Ravichandran Ashwin 71 365 25.43 7/59 7/27
Zaheer Khan 92 311 32.94 7/87 1/11
Ishant Sharma 97 297 32.39 7/74 1/11
Bishan Singh Bedi 67 266 28.71 7/98 1/14
Bhagwat Chandrasekhar 58 242 29.74 8/79 2/16
Javagal Srinath 67 236 30.49 8/86 1/10
Ravindra Jadeja 49 213 24.62 7/48 1/9

ODIs

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tied Drawn
Afghanistan 3 2 0 1 0
Australia 143 53 80 0 10
Bangladesh 36 30 5 0 1
England 100 53 42 2 3
New Zealand 110 55 49 1 5
Pakistan 132 55 73 0 4
South Africa 84 35 46 0 3
Sri Lanka 159 91 56 1 11
West Indies 133 64 63 2 4
Zimbabwe 63 51 10 2 0
Total 966 492 424 9 41
Player Matches Runs Average Highest Score 100s
Sachin Tendulkar 463 18426 44.83 200* 49
Virat Kohli 251 12040 59.31 183 43
Sourav Ganguly 302 11221 40.95 183 22
Rahul Dravid 340 10768 39.15 153 12
MS Dhoni 347 10599 50.23 183* 9
Mohammad Azharuddin 334 9378 36.92 153* 7
Rohit Sharma 224 9115 49.27 264 29
Yuvraj Singh 301 8609 36.47 150 14
Virender Sehwag 241 7995 35.37 219 15
Shikhar Dhawan 139 5808 45.02 143 17
Player Matches Wickets Average Best Bowling 5W/4W
Anil Kumble 269 334 30.83 6/12 2/8
Ajit Agarkar 229 315 28.08 5/23 3/7
Zaheer Khan 194 269 30.11 5/42 1/7
Harbhajan Singh 234 265 33.47 5/31 3/2
Kapil Dev 225 253 27.45 5/43 1/3
Venkatesh Prasad 161 196 32.30 5/27 1/3
Ravindra Jadeja 168 188 37.36 5/36 1/7
Irfan Pathan 120 173 29.72 5/27 2/5
Manoj Prabhakar 130 157 28.87 5/33 2/4

T20Is

Opponent Matches Won Lost No Result
Afghanistan 2 2 0 0
Australia 22 13 8 1
Bangladesh 11 10 1 0
England 14 7 7 0
New Zealand 16 8 8 0
Pakistan 8 7 1 0
South Africa 15 9 6 0
Sri Lanka 19 13 5 1
West Indies 17 10 6 1
Zimbabwe 7 5 2 0
Total 134 87 44 3
Player Matches Runs Average Highest Score 100s/50s
Virat Kohli 84 2843 49.87 94* 0/24
Rohit Sharma 108 2773 32.62 114 4/21
Shikhar Dhawan 63 1641 28.29 92 0/11
MS Dhoni 98 1617 37.60 56 0/2
Suresh Raina 78 1605 29.18 101 1/5
KL Rahul 44 1542 45.35 110* 2/12
Yuvraj Singh 58 1177 28.02 77* 0/8
Gautam Gambhir 37 932 27.41 75 0/7
Manish Pandey 39 709 44.31 79* 0/3
Shreyas Iyer 23 429 28.60 62 0/2
Player Matches Wickets Average Best Bowling 5W/4W
Jasprit Bumrah 50 59 20.25 3/11 00
Yuzvendra Chahal 44 59 23.98 6/25 1/2
Ravichandran Ashwin 46 52 22.94 4/8 0/2
Bhuvneshwar Kumar 43 41 26.53 5/24 1/0
Kuldeep Yadav 21 39 13.76 5/24 1/1
Ravindra Jadeja 21 39 29.53 3/48 0/0
Hardik Pandya 42 38 25.68 4/38 0/1
Ashish Nehra 27 34 22.29 3/19 0/0
Yuvraj Singh 58 28 17.82 3/17 0/0
Irfan Pathanh 24 28 22.07 3/16 0/0

Current Squad

Virat
Kohli (C)

Ajinkya
Rahane

Rohit
Sharma

Mayank
Agarwal

Prithvi
Shaw

Shubman
Gill

Shikhar
Dhawan

Cheteshwar
Pujara

Shreyas
Iyer

Manish
Pandey

KL
Rahul

Sanju
Samson

Rishabh
Pant

Wriddhiman
Saha

Hardik
Pandya

Ravindra
Jadeja

Hanuma
Vihari

Washington
Sundar

Shivam
Dube

Kedar
Jadhav

Ravichandran
Ashwin

Yuzvendra
Chahal

Kuldeep
Yadav

Jasprit
Bumrah

Mohammed
Shami

Ishant
Sharma

Bhuvneshwar
Kumar

Umesh
Yadav

Shardul
Thakur

Deepak
Chahar

Navdeep
Saini

Mohammed
Siraj

T.
Natarajan