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 India National Cricket Team

West Indies Cricket Team : History, Match Schedule, and Honors


The West Indies men's national cricket team represents the multi-national Caribbean region in international cricket. Nicknamed the Windies, players for the team are selected from the fifteen Caribbean territories. From the mid 1970s to the early 1990s, the West Indies were the strongest team in the world in both Test and ODI cricket. The West Indies won the ICC Cricket World Cup in 1975 and 1979 and the ICC T20 World Cup in 2012 and 2016.

The West Indies cricket team has rivalries with other Test-playing nations, most notably with Australia and England. As of January 2020, the West Indies team is ranked eighth in Test cricket, ninth in the ODIs and tenth in the T20Is. The current Test captain of the team is Jason Holder while the ODI and T20I captain is Kieron Pollard.

Country Representations

The current side represents the countries and small islands mentioned below:

  1. Antigua and Barbuda
  2. Barbados
  3. Dominica
  4. Jamaica
  5. Grenada
  6. Guyana
  7. Saint Lucia
  8. Trinidad and Tobago
  9. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  10. Saint Kitts and Nevis

Timeline

Early Years

The history of the West Indies cricket team began in the 1890s, when the first representative sides were selected to play the visiting English sides. The West Indies Cricket Board joined the sport's international ruling body, the Imperial Cricket Conference, in 1926, and played their first official international match, a Test, in 1928. They became the fourth Test playing ”nation.” In their early days in the 1930s, the side represented the British colonies that would later form the West Indies Federation.

The West Indies played 19 Tests in the 1930s in four series against England and one series against Australia. The first four of these were played against an English team, led by the Honourable Freddie Calthorpe, that toured in 1929–30. The series ended one-all, with the West Indies side recording their first ever Test victory on 26 February 1930. George Headley scored the most runs (703) and Learie Constantine took the most wickets (18) for the West Indies.

The West Indies toured Australia in 1930–31. They lost the Test series 4–1. The fifth and final Test showed some promise and by the time the team left, they had left a good impression of themselves with the Australian public.

Post-World War II

In 1948, the West Indies toured India for the first time for a 5-match Test tour. The tour was preceded by a non-Test tour of Pakistan and was followed by a similar short tour of West Indies. After three high-scoring draws against the Indians, the West Indians won the fourth Test by an innings before a thrilling fifth Test, which left the Indians six runs away from victory with two wickets in hand as time ran out. The West Indies thus won the rubber 1–0. Everton Weekes set a record of scoring hundreds in five successive Test innings.

The 1950 tour of England saw the emergence of a great spinning duo, Sonny Ramadhin and Alf Valentine, for the West Indies. England won the first Test by 202 runs, but Valentine and Ramadhin bowling performance won the series for the visitors. The spinning duo took 59 wickets as the West Indies won the series 3–1.

India toured the West Indies at the beginning of 1953. The Windies won the second Test, and the rest of the matches ended in draws. The highlight of these games was Frank Worrell's 237 in the fifth Test. During England’s tour of 1953-54, Sonny Ramadhin once again starred for the Windies, taking 23 wickets, while Walcott (698) scored the most runs. The 5-match rubber was drawn two-all.

During the four-Test tour of New Zealand in February 1956, the West Indies won the first two Tests by an innings and the third Test by 9 wickets. However, in the fourth Test, the Windies were surprised by the Kiwis, who dismissed the former for 145 and 77 and recorded their first-ever Test win in their 45th Test.

Although blessed with some great players in their early days as a Test team, the West Indies’ successes remained scattered until the 1960s when the side changed from a white-dominated side to a black-dominated one under the successive captaincies of Frank Worrell and Gary Sobers.

World Dominance

Under Rohan Kanhai's captaincy, the West Indies showed their first signs of revival. Australia won the closely fought 1972–73 series in the Caribbean by two Tests. With Sobers back but with Kanhai still the captain, the West Indies defeated England 2–0 in 1973. Though the return series in the West Indies ended 1–1, the home team was the better side. The final Test of this 1973–74 series marked the end of an era in West Indies cricket. It was the last Test match for both Garry Sobers and Rohan Kanhai. The series also marked the emergence of the fast bowler Andy Roberts.

By the late 1970s, the West Indies, led by the mercurial Clive Lloyd, had a side recognized as the unofficial world champions, a reputation they retained throughout the 1980s. During these glorious years, the West Indies were noted for their 4-man fast bowling attack, backed up by some of the best batsmen in the world. Sir Garfield Sobers, Sir Andy Roberts, Sir Viv Richards, Sir Frank Worrell, Sir Clive Lloyd, Joel Garner, Sir Wes Hall, Malcolm Marshall, Alvin Kallicharran, and Gordon Greenidge all dominated world cricket for two decades. The West Indies were the winners of the first two ICC Cricket World Cups (1975 and 1979).

In 1976, fast bowler Michael Holding took 14/149 in the Oval Test against England, setting a record that still stands for best bowling figures in a Test by a West Indies bowler. The 1980s saw the Windies set a then record streak of 11 consecutive Test victories, which was part of a still standing record of 27 Tests without a defeat. In the period 1980 to 1985–86, they won 10 out of 11 Test series, the 1981–82 series in Australia being drawn 1–1. They inflicted two 5–0 "blackwashes" on England. The West Indies' only notable defeat in this period was in the one-day format, when they lost to India in the final of the 1983 ICC Cricket World Cup.

Decline

Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, the West Indies’ performance declined, largely due to the failure of the West Indies Cricket Board to push the game from an amateur pastime to a professional sport, coupled with the general economic decline of the West Indian countries and the team struggling to retain its past glory.

During the early 1990s, the West Indies team was dealt a great blow with the retirement of its star players like Richards, Greenidge, Dujon and Marshall, bringing an end to the era of strength. After Richards' retirement, the only players with significant experience were Richie Richardson, who was appointed new captain of the side, Desmond Haynes, and Courtney Walsh. However, this transition did not immediately affect their performance. Richie Richardson proved to be a decent successor to Richards. A new crop of young players emerged such as Brian Lara, Curtly Ambrose, Ian Bishop, Jimmy Adams, Carl Hooper, and Phil Simmons.

It was five more years before the West Indies lost a series. Making a comeback to international cricket, South Africa played its first Test match in Bridgetown, a match that was attended by fewer than 10,000 people due to a boycott. Needing 201 to win on the last day, South Africa reached 123 for 2 before Ambrose and Walsh took the remaining 8 wickets for 25 runs. In 1992–93, the West Indies defeated Australia by 1 run in Adelaide, where a loss would have cost them the series. In 1994–95, the West Indies salvaged a draw in India when, after losing the first Test and drawing the second, they secured a win in the third match. In 1992, the West Indies once again failed to qualify for the World Cup semi-finals.

Australia finally defeated the West Indies 2–1 in 1994–95 to become the unofficial world champions of Test cricket. The 1996 World Cup ended with their defeat in the semi-final, which forced Richie Richardson to retire from cricket. The captaincy was handed over to Courtney Walsh in 1994 and then to Brian Lara in 1998. The West Indies made their first-ever official tour to South Africa in 1998–99. The series was a disaster ending in a 5–0 defeat for the West Indies. Their 1999 World Cup campaign ended in the group stage. The next year, England won a series against the West Indies for the first time in 31 years. The West Indies ended the decade with another 5–0 defeat, this time in Australia.

For most of the 1990s, the West Indian batting line-up was dominated by Brian Lara. Lara became a regular in the side after the retirement of Sir Viv Richards in 1991. In 1993–94, he scored 375 against England in Antigua, breaking Sobers's world record for the highest individual score in Test cricket. The West Indian bowling attack was headed by Curtly Ambrose and Courtney Walsh. The latter set a then world record of 519 wickets. However, these two players retired by 2001, and their successors failed to maintain the high standards that the duo had set. The period also saw the emergence of some good batsmen like Shivnarine Chanderpaul and Ramnaresh Sarwan.

Lara's last act as captain was to win the 2004 ICC Champions Trophy, a win that was a welcome surprise for the Caribbean. It was their first world title since winning the 1979 Cricket World Cup.

Dispute between the Players and the Board

This joy of victory was short-lived as a major dispute between the West Indian Players Association (WIPA) and the Cricket Board broke out in 2005. The point of contention was Clause 5 of the tour contract, which gave the WICB the sole and exclusive right to arrange for sponsorship, advertising, licensing, merchandising and promotional activities related to the WICB team.

This conflict, coupled with a payment dispute, meant that the West Indies initially announced a team without Lara and a number of other leading West Indians for South Africa's visit in 2004–05, leading to Shivnarine Chanderpaul becoming captain. However, the dispute had not been resolved and continued to rumble on, leading to a second-string side being named for the tour of West Indies in 2005. A resolution did not happen until October 2005, when a full-strength side was finally named for the 2005–06 tour of Australia. It was on this tour that Brian Lara overtook Australian Allan Border as the highest run scorer in Test cricket, despite the West Indies losing the series 3–0.

In 2009, another dispute erupted when several senior players decided not to be part of the team because of pay and contract issues. The WICB chose a second-string side to take part in a series against Bangladesh and the Champions Trophy. In 2012, the ICC decided to get involved in order to resolve this long-standing dispute. In 2014, another dispute between the WICB and the West Indian Players Association (WIPA) led to the team's Indian tour being curtailed. The bone of contention was a protracted payment structure. In 2015, the players made themselves unavailable for tests, and Jason Holder was put into the role of captaincy. This promotion was met with a lot of distrust between the veteran bowlers and Holder, and the administration and selectors. As a result, the West Indies lost 21 matches by an innings since 1995–2015, a stark contrast to the team that never lost more than 4 matches by over an innings combined from 1966 to 1995.

Dispute between the Players and the Board

It was only after the inception of Twenty20 cricket that the West Indies began to regain a place among the cricketing elite. They realized the advantage of possessing and developing Richards-style batsmen who could devastate bowling attacks with power. The likes of Chris Gayle, Kieron Pollard, Marlon Samuels, Lendl Simmons, Andre Russell and Carlos Brathwaite put an emphasis on power to prepare for Twenty20 play as it offered them their most lucrative contracts. Chris Gayle hit the first T20 international century and also became the first player to hit two centuries in the format.

They beat the hosts West Indies in the 2012 World Twenty20 to win their first ICC World Championship since the 1979 World Cup and then defeated England to win the 2016 World Twenty20 again, making them the first team to win the World Twenty20 twice. As an added bonus, the West Indies also became the first to win both the men's and women's World Twenty20 on the same day.

Cricket Match Schedule

Find out all about the biggest international series and cricket tours of the West Indies cricket team.

More Series Coming Soon

Tournament Records

World Cup

Year Position
1983 Runners-up
1987 Group stage
1992 Group stage
1996 Semifinalists
1999 Group stage
2003 Group stage
2007 Super 8
2011 Quarterfinalists
2015 Quarterfinalists
2019 Group stage

T20 World Cup

Year Position
2007 Group stage
2009 Semifinalists
2010 Super 8
2012 Champions
2014 Semifinalists
2016 Champions

Champions Trophy

Year Position
1998 Runners-up
2000 Group stage
2002 Group stage
2004 Champions
2006 Runners-up
2009 Champions
2013 Group stage
2017 Group stage

Honors

World Cup

Winners (2 times): 1975, 1979

Champions Trophy

Winners (2 times): 2012, 2016

T20 World Cup

Winner: 2004

Fantasy Cricket

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Cricket Match Statistics

Test

Opponent Matches Won Lost Drawn Tied
Afghanistan 1 1 0 0 0
Australia 116 32 58 25 1
Bangladesh 16 10 4 2 0
England 160 58 51 51 0
India 98 30 42 46 0
New Zealand 49 13 17 19 0
Pakistan 52 17 20 15 0
South Africa 28 3 18 7 0
West Indies 20 4 9 7 0
Zimbabwe 10 7 0 3 0
Total 550 175 199 175 1
Brian Lara 130 11912 53.17 400* 34
Shivnarine Chanderpaul 164 11867 51.37 203* 30
Vivian Richards 121 8540 50.23 291 24
Garry Sobers 93 8032 57.78 365* 26
Gordon Greenidge 108 7558 44.72 226 19
Clive Lloyd 110 7515 46.67 242* 19
Desmon Haynes 116 7487 42.29 184 18
Chris Gayle 103 7214 42.18 333 15
Rohan Kanhai 79 6227 47.53 256 15
Richie Richardson 86 5949 44.39 194 16
Player Matches Wickets Average Best Bowling 10W/5W
Courtney Walsh 132 519 24.44 7/37 3/22
Curtly Ambrose 98 405 20.99 8/45 3/22
Malcolm Marshall 81 376 20.94 7/22 4/22
Lance Gibbs 79 309 29.09 8/38 2/18
Joel Garner 58 259 20.97 6/56 0/7
Michael Holding 60 249 23.68 8/92 2/13
Garry Sobers 93 235 34.03 6/73 0/6
Kemar Roach 60 204 27.66 6/48 1/9
Andy Roberts 47 202 25.61 7/54 2/11
Wes Hall 48 192 26.38 7/69 1/9

ODIs

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tied No Result
Afghanistan 9 5 3 0 1
Australia 140 60 74 3 3
Bangladesh 38 21 15 0 3
England 102 44 52 0 6
India 133 63 64 2 4
Ireland 12 10 1 0 1
New Zealand 65 30 28 0 7
Pakistan 134 71 60 3 0
South Africa 62 15 44 1 2
West Indies 60 28 29 0 3
Zimbabwe 48 36 10 1 1
Total 803 488 380 10 30
Player Matches Runs Average Highest Score 100s
Chris Gayle 298 10425 38.04 215 25
Brian Lara 295 10348 40.9 169 19
Shivnarine Chanderpaul 268 8778 41.6 150 11
Desmond Haynes 238 8648 41.37 152* 17
Viv Richards 187 6721 47 189* 11
Richie Richardson 224 6248 33.41 122 5
Ramnaresh Sarwan 181 5804 42.67 120* 5
Carl Hooper 227 5761 35.34 113* 7
Marlon Samuels 207 5606 32.97 133* 10
Gordon Greenidge 128 5134 45.03 133* 11
Player Matches Wickets Average Best Bowling 5W/4W
Courtney Walsh 205 227 30.47 5/1 1/6
Curtly Ambrose 176 225 24.12 5/17 4/6
Dwayne Bravo 164 199 29.51 6/43 1/6
Carl Hooper 227 193 36.05 4/34 0/3
Chris Gayle 298 167 35.13 5/46 1/3
Malcolm Marshall 136 157 26.96 4/18 0/6
Joel Garner 98 146 18.84 5/31 3/2
Michael Holding 102 142 21.36 5/26 1/5
Jason Holder 115 136 36.38 5/27 2/4
Mervyn Dillon 108 130 32.44 5/29 3/3

T20Is

Opponent Matches Won Lost No Result
Afghanistan 7 4 3 0
Australia 11 6 5 0
Bangladesh 12 6 5 1
England 18 11 7 0
India 17 6 10 1
Ireland 7 3 2 2
New Zealand 15 5 8 2
Pakistan 14 3 11 0
South Africa 10 4 6 0
Sri Lanka 11 5 6 0
Zimbabwe 3 2 1 0
Total 125 55 64 6
Player Matches Runs Average Highest Score 100s/50s
Chris Gayle 58 1627 32.54 117 2/13
Marlon Samuels 67 1611 29.29 89* 0/10
Kieron Pollard 76 1226 25.02 75* 0/5
Lendl Simmons 54 1189 27.02 91* 0/8
Dwayne Bravo 71 1151 23.97 66* 0//4
Ewin Lewis 32 934 32.2 125* 2/6
Andre Fletcher 45 823 21.65 84* 0/6
Johnson Charles 34 724 21.93 84 0/4
Denesh Ramdin 71 636 18.7 55* 0/1
Dwayne Smith 33 582 18.18 72 0/3
Player Matches Wickets Average Best Bowling 5W/4W
Dwayne Bravo 71 59 27.11 4/28 0/2
Sunil Badree 50 54 20.75 4/15 0/1
Sunil Narine 51 52 21.25 4/12 0/1
Darren Sammy 66 44 24.27 5/26 1/1
Kesrick Williams 26 41 19.63 4/28 0/1
Sheldon Cottrell 30 37 21.81 4/28 0/1
Kieron Pollard 76 37 26.16 4/25 0/1
Jerome Taylor 30 33 26.15 3/6 0/0
Carlos Brathwaite 41 31 32.67 3/20 0/0
Ravi Rampaul 23 29 24.31 3/16 0/0

Current Squad

Dimuth
Karunaratne

Kraigg
Brathwaite

John
Campbell

Lendl
Simmons

Brandon
King

Shimron
Hetmyer

Darren
Bravo

Rovman
Powell

Evin
Lewis

Shamarh
Brooks

Shai
Hope

Nicholas
Pooran

Shane
Dowrich

Joshua
De Silva

Jason
Holder

Kieron
Pollard

Andre
Russell

Roston
Chase

Fabian
Allen

Carlos
Brathwaite

Dwayne
Bravo

Hayden
Walsh

Sunil
Narine

Khary
Pierre

Rahkeem
Cornwall

Kemar
Roach

Sheldon
Cottrell

Shannon
Gabriel

Alzarri
Joseph

Oshane
Thomas

Romario
Shepherd